Biden Signs Legislation to Suspend Federal Borrowing Limit

On Saturday, June 3, President Joe Biden signed legislation to suspend the federal borrowing limit until January 1, 2025, ending more than five months of escalating political drama surrounding this high-stakes economic issue.

The final measure caps nondefense spending in fiscal year (FY) 2024 at $703.7 billion (roughly the same level as FY 2023) and $710.7 billion in FY 2025. Defense programs in FY 2024 will receive a 3.3% increase from the FY 2023 level ($886.3 billion) and be funded at $895.2 billion in FY 2025. Although these caps are projected to save an estimated $1.5 trillion over the next 10 years, when compared to the previous budget projections, the national debt is still expected to grow more than by $20 trillion over that period.

While the measure was supported by more than two-thirds of House Republicans, a splinter group of 11 Republican members angered by the agreement negotiated by House Speaker Kevin McCarthy have taken to voting against procedural measures, halting legislative activity last week.