New Places and New Spaces for E-commerce Distribution

New Places and New Spaces for E-commerce Distribution: Three Strategies Bringing Industrial and Retail Real Estate Closer Together

By: Dustin C. Read, Ph.D./JD
May 31, 2022

The NAIOP Research Foundation commissioned this report to examine three trends related to this convergence: the conversion of shopping centers to distribution centers, adding distribution uses to existing retail buildings, and the development of mixed-use properties that include both distribution and retail.

Seeing Past the Pandemic: Industrial Demand and U.S. Seaports

Seeing Past the Pandemic: Industrial Demand and U.S. Seaports

By: Brian Harper, Director of Data Science, Avison Young, and Aaron Ahlburn, Innovation Lead, Global Logistics, Avison Young
March 14, 2022

This research brief, authored by Avison Young, reviews historical trends in port activity, local logistics employment, and vacancies, rents and absorption rates in adjacent industrial markets. Building on observations from the historical data, a regression analysis of the relationship between changes in port activity, truck traffic and industrial space absorption demonstrates that changes in import volume have a substantial effect on occupancy in port markets.

Industrial Space Demand Forecast

Industrial Space Demand Forecast

By: Hany Guirguis, Ph.D., Manhattan College and Michael J. Seiler, DBA, William & Mary
August 16, 2022

The Industrial Space Demand Forecast for the U.S. is issued quarterly by NAIOP and is based on an accurate model. The Forecast assists developers and investors to make more prudent decisions about the timing of new development projects.

A Two-Dimensional Approach to Evaluating Commercial Real Estate Markets Report

A Two-Dimensional Approach to Evaluating Commercial Real Estate Markets

By: Maria Sicola, Charles Warren, PhD, and Megan Weiner, CityStream Solutions, LLC
August 30, 2021

A new NAIOP Research Foundation report by Maria Sicola, Charles Warren, Ph.D., and Megan Weiner builds on last year’s report on market tier and ranking systems by describing a two-dimensional approach to evaluating and comparing commercial real estate markets. The report examines 15 years of market data to test multiple two-dimensional models for evaluating the 50 largest industrial and office markets in the United States.

The Evolution of the Warehouse

The Evolution of the Warehouse: Trends in Technology, Design, Development and Delivery

By: Steve Weikal and James Robert Scott
October 13, 2020

The NAIOP Research Foundation commissioned this report to provide the real estate development community with insight into current and future trends in building and logistics technologies and their implications for industrial real estate. Steve Weikal and James Robert Scott, researchers at the MIT Real Estate Innovation Lab, interviewed professionals specializing in industrial building design and automated systems to identify emerging trends that will be of interest to industrial developers, building owners and tenants.

Negoitating with Tenants

Working Together as a Team: Negotiating With Tenants and Leasing Space During COVID-19

By: Shawn Moura, Ph.D., Director of Research, NAIOP
August 10, 2020

This research brief draws from interviews with brokers and building owners, news sources, NAIOP webinars, and NAIOP survey data to identify best practices for triaging office and industrial tenant requests, offering reasonable accommodations to those tenants who need short-term assistance, and responding to uncooperative tenants. The brief also examines how owners are adapting the ways they show and lease space to new tenant preferences and safety expectations.

Capital Improvements Research Brief

Using Capital Improvements to Create Competitive Advantage in the COVID-19 Era

By: Dustin C. Read, Ph.D./J.D., Associate Professor, Virginia Tech and Sam Kuprianov, undergraduate Real Estate major, Virginia Tech
July 28, 2020

This brief evaluates the merits of frequently discussed capital investments and their potential to create durable competitive advantages. It draws from an analysis of recent coverage in commercial real estate trade publications, as well as conversations with seven industry practitioners that took place in June 2020.

A New Look at Market Tier and Ranking Systems

A New Look at Market Tier and Ranking Systems

By: Maria Sicola, Charles Warren, Ph.D., and Megan Weiner, CityStream Solutions, LLC
March 17, 2020

Dividing and grouping the major metropolitan regions of the United States into ranked groups or “tiers” is a frequently used method to evaluate, prioritize and rank markets for investment. This project provides an understanding of the origins, methodologies and uses of market tier models.

Construction Site

Addressing the Workforce Skills Gap in Construction and CRE-related Trades

By: Barry E. Stern, Ph.D.
July 11, 2019

The NAIOP Research Foundation commissioned this report to explore some of the contributing factors to the workforce shortage and how the construction and logistics industries can improve worker recruitment, training, productivity and retention.

ecommerce fulfillment center

Are E-commerce Fulfillment Centers Valued Differently Than Warehouses And Distribution Centers?

By: Dr. Jonathan A. Wiley
October 20, 2015

Are fulfillment centers distinct real estate products? Some in the industry believe they are; others believe they are not. According to the results of this analysis, fulfillment centers are not significantly different from nor significantly more valuable than other types of warehouse and distribution facilities.


Terms and Definitions

By: Maria Sicola, CEO, Integrity Data Solutions, LLC
April 25, 2017

The 2017 edition of NAIOP’s terms and definitions remains the place to turn to for standardized of industry terminology.


The Promise of E-commerce: Impacts on Retail and Industrial Real Estate

By: Curtis D. Spencer, President, IMS Worldwide and Steve Schellenberg, Vice President, IMS Worldwide
March 17, 2015

As e-commerce sales continue their robust growth, manufacturers, transportation providers, distribution and fulfillment center operators and retailers all are being pressured to modify the retail logistics chain.

Ronderos Report

Stabilization of the US Manufacturing Sector and Its Impact on Industrial Space

By: L. Nicholas Ronderos, Regional Planning Association
June 05, 2013

A study by the NAIOP Research Foundation concludes that the reshoring trend of manufacturing industries to the United States yields stabilization of jobs, but not net growth. Some industries will add jobs as others shed them, resulting in no change to the total number of manufacturing jobs but halting a decades-long trend of losing more jobs than added.

Borderless Marketplace

The New Borderless Marketplace: Repositioning Retail and Warehouse Properties for Tomorrow

By: Curtis Spencer, IMS Worldwide
April 01, 2012

This whitepaper addresses trends and strategies needed and how the retail experience will change over the next five years.

How Fuel Costs Affect Logistics Strategies

How Fuel Costs Affect Logistics Strategies

By: Leonard Sahling
February 01, 2012

Rising fuel costs have caused freight transportation to become the largest, most volatile cost component of companies' supply chain/logistics operation, accounting for about 63 percent of total U.S. logistics costs and 6 percent of GDP. With companies under mounting pressure to contain or offset the increases in freight transportation costs, supply chain executives have been tasked with figuring out how to squeeze more capacity and efficiency out of the existing systems.

Political Economy of Green Industrial Warehouses

The Political Economy of Green Industrial Warehouses

By: M. Harrison, Texas Tech University and Michael J. Seiler, Old Dominion
April 01, 2011

This research found that "green" warehouses in politically conservative areas rent at a significant discount relatively to their non-certified counterparts, while similar properties in politically liberal areas rent at a significant premium.

Trends and Industries driving Warehouse and Distribution Growth

Logistics Trends and Specific Industries That Will Drive Warehouse and Distribution Growth and Demand for Space

By: L. Nicolas Ronderos, Regional Plan Association
March 01, 2010

This research project identified the logistics trends and specific industries that will drive warehouse and distribution growth and demand for space over the next decade (2008-2018). Research is based on employee ratios, employment reports, and logistics building inventory.

Rooftop Revenue by use of Energy Harvesting

Rooftop Revenue: Making Underutilized Space Profitable Through Energy Harvesting

By: Marci DeVries, Soleil Solar
August 01, 2010

This white paper helps owners/developers make a decision about which (if any) energy-harvesting devices to install on their properties. Commercial real estate property owners will find a wealth of information on installations, maintenance, reliability and financial returns.

Exploration of LEED Design Approaches

Exploration of LEED Design Approaches for Warehouse and Distribution Centers

By: Edmund Klimek, AIA, KSS Architects
December 01, 2008

The research examined sustainable design practices particular to warehouse and distribution centers and offered recommendations organized around the LEED Core and Shell approach that could readily be achieved within standard design/construction approaches; points that address the unique characteristics of distribution centers as a building type. The report is currently under review by the U.S. Green Building Council (USGBC).

Assessing Key Employment Trends

Assessing Key Employment Trends Driving Commercial Real Estate Development

By: Dr. Donald Jud, University of North Carolina at Greensboro
September 01, 2009

This report explains the relationship between key employment trends and the demand for office and industrial space. Drawing on Bureau of Labor Statistics data from 2000-2009, the research indicated: central-city counties vs. metropolitan fringe counties, the effect of the recession beginning in 2007 and factors influencing change in growth patterns.

Going Green - Tips Tools and Examples

Going Green: Tips, Tools and Examples from the Field

By: Abigail C. Johnson, Abacus Property Solutions
March 01, 2009

This research report identified various green strategies that can be used to improve the sustainability of a building while still meeting return-on-investment objectives. Included in the report are recommendations concerning: vehicular pavement; pedestrian pavement; irrigation; windows; roof; HVAC; and interior lighting.

New Age of the Trade of The Americas

The New Age of Trade: The Americas

By: Maria T. Sicola, Executive Managing Director, Research, Cushman & Wakefield, Inc.
January 01, 2009

The report provides strategic intelligence regarding the most significant trends shaping industrial markets across North America. Trends and issues influencing warehousing are covered, including NAFTA; the Panama Canal expansion; the role of major ports and South American growth in import and export.

Predictors of Commercial Real Estate Development

Predictors of Commercial Real Estate Development

By: Andrew G. Mueller and Dr. Glenn R. Mueller, University of Denver
January 01, 2009

This research identified the economic indicators that drive new development of commercial real estate for each property type at the national and MSA level. These indicators will help with forecasting: future demand for space and leasing; competition in specific markets and across property types; and more accurate feasibility studies for future projects.

Impact of the Hispanic Population

Measuring the Impact of Hispanic Population Growth on the Location of and Demand for Commercial Real Estate in the U.S.

By: G. Donald Jud, PhD, Bryan School of Business and Economics, University of North Carolina at Greensboro
May 01, 2008

The expected growth of the Hispanic population will impact the location and demand for commercial real estate in the United States. The report contains economic impact data for 50 states and major metropolitan areas.

Commercial Real Estate in a Flat World

Commercial Real Estate in a Flat World

By: David Pearce Snyder
November 01, 2007

This research examined how infomating, outsourcing, home-basing, off-shoring/in-shoring, e-learning and e-tailing - can be expected to impact the staffing and facilities (and ultimately, the demand for space) of five major classes of enterprise in the five sustainable markets: retail trade; professional, scientific and technical services; employment services; finance, insurance and banking; and transportation and warehousing.

How to Calculate Economic Contribution

How to Calculate the Economic Contribution of Office, Industrial, and Retail Real Estate to the Local Community

By: Stephen S. Fuller, PhD, George Mason University
February 01, 2005

This project is comprised of a form listing the sources of the contributions that office, industrial, office/tech and retail development make to their communities through taxes, job growth, etc. and instructions on how to locate the specific information needed to fill in the form and calculate the positive economic impact to your community.


Butterfly Spotting: An Industrial Real Estate Perspective on Globalization and Transnational Economics

By: Butterfly Spotting: An Industrial Real Estate Perspective on Globalization and Transnational Economics
April 01, 2008

Economic globalization, outsourcing, transnational property, economic base theory, global economic base category, GEBC, industrial properties